Permissions & Data Clusters for AIS journeys

Permissions

In the Open Banking API design, data elements are logically grouped together into “permissions”. It is at this level that AISPs request data access. If they request access to a specific permission they will have access to all the data elements in the permission. This provides a pragmatic approach, allowing AISPs to be selective but at the same time creating a consent process that is at an acceptable level of granularity for the PSU. Details of the data elements within each permission are included in the API technical specifications.

Data Clusters

OBIE customer research found that grouping permissions together and adding another layer of description aided the PSU’s understanding of the data they were being asked to consent to share. This approach also allows a consistency of language across AISPs and ASPSPs to provide additional comfort to PSUs that they are sharing the data they intended to. If consistent language is used across all Participants this will drive PSU familiarity and adoption. These groups of permissions are known as Data Clusters. Data Clusters are not reflected in the API specifications, they are purely a presentational layer on top of permissions to aid PSU understanding.

Data Cluster Structure & Language

The following table describes how permissions should be grouped into Data Clusters and the language that must be used to describe the data at each of these levels (Checklist item 13a and 13b). Both AISPs and ASPSPs must describe the data being shared at a Data Cluster level and allow the PSU to “drill-down” to see the detail at Permission level using the permission language set-out in the table below.

Where both Basic and Detail permissions are available from the same API end point, the Detail permission contains all data elements of the Basic permission plus the additional elements described in the table.

 

 

Data Cluster Language

API End Points

Permissions

Permissions Language

Information available

Your Account Details
Accounts
Accounts Basic
Any other name by which you refer to this account and/or the currency of the account.
Currency of the account, Nickname of account (E.g. ‘Jakes Household account’)
Accounts Detail
Your account name, number and sort-code
Account Name, Sort Code, Account Number, IBAN, Roll Number (used for Building Society) (plus all data provided in Accounts Basic)
Balances
Balances
Your account balance
Amount, Currency, Credit/Debit, Type of Balance, Date/Time.
All where PAN is available
PAN
Your card number
PAN masked or unmasked depending on how ASPSP displays online currently
Your Regular Payments
Beneficiaries
Beneficiaries Basic
Payee agreements you have set up
List of Beneficiaries
Beneficiaries Detail
Details of Payee agreements you have set up
Details of Beneficiaries account information (Name, Sort Code, Account) (plus all data provided in Beneficiaries Basic)
Standing Orders
Standing Order Basic
Your Standing Orders
SO Info, Frequency, Creditor Reference Info, First/Next/Final Payment info
Standing Order Detail
Details of your Standing Orders
Details of Creditor Account Information (Name, Sort Code, Account) (plus all data provided in Standing Order Basic)
Direct Debits
Direct Debits
Your Direct Debits
Mandate info, Status, Name, Previous payment information
Scheduled Payments
Scheduled Payments Basic
Recurring and future dated payments
Scheduled dates, amount, reference. Does not include information about the beneficiary
Scheduled Payments Detail
Details of recurring and future dated payments
Scheduled dates, amount, reference. Includes information about the beneficiary
Your Account Transactions
Transactions
Transactions Basic Credits
Your incoming transactions
Transaction Information on payments made into the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Does not include information about the entity that made the payment
Transactions Basic Debits
Your outgoing transactions
Same as above, but for debits
Transactions Detail Credits
Details of your incoming transactions
Transaction Information on payments made into the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Includes information about the entity that made the payment
Transactions Detailed Debits
Details of your outgoing transactions
Same as above but for debits
Transactions Basic
Your transactions
Transaction Information on payments for both credits in and debits out of the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Does not include information about the payer/payee.
Transactions Detail
Details of your transactions
Transaction Information on payments made both credits in and debits out of the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Includes information about the payer/payee.
Your Statements
Statements
Statements Basic
Information contained in your statement
All statement information excluding specific amounts related to various balance types, payments due etc.
Statements Detail
Details of information contained in your statement
All statement information including specific amounts related to various balance types, payments due etc.
Your Account Features and Benefits
Products
Product
Product details – fees, charges, interest, benefits/rewards
Refers to customer account product details defined in the Open data API ( the fees, charges, interest, benefits/rewards). Applicable to PCA and BCA.
Offers
Offers available on your account
Balance transfer, promotional rates, limit increases, start & end dates.
Contact and party details
Account specific:
  • Parties
  • Party
Party
The full legal name(s) of account holder(s). Address(es), telephone number(s) and email address(es)*
The name of the account. Full Legal Name(s), Account Role(s), Beneficial Ownership, Legal Structure, Address or addresses, telephone numbers and email address as held by the bank/card issuer and party type (sole/joint etc.).

NOTE:

With respect to the clusters and permissions language, ASPSPs should consider whether the language that is displayed to the PSU is appropriate when the information being accessed relates to more than one party. For example, “Your data” may need to be adapted to just “data” to indicate to the PSU that the account information being displayed may not be solely specific to them.  As is the case of joint accounts when the account information of both parties is requested. * Include or delete as appropriate

    Optional Data

    If an AISP requests additional information (e.g. Party) and the ASPSP chooses to provide this information to the AISP, both parties must ensure that they consider GDPR in the processing of this request i.e. both parties must ensure that they have a legal basis for processing.

    Relevance of data cluster against product type

    The AISP must ensure they have business rules that manage the relationship between data cluster to product type and omit access to data clusters that are irrelevant to a product type, as well as their service offering. If an AISP requests a cluster of data that is irrelevant to the product type associated to the payment account e.g. Direct Debit cluster requested for a Savings Account product type, the ASPSP may provide that cluster as empty.

    What the research says:

    “If an AISP is asking for data access to Bank and cards they should adjust the language they use to describe the ASPSP (e.g. “card provider” rather than “bank”) and certain data clusters and permissions.”

    Click for Customer Research