Account Information Services

Permissions & Data Clusters for AIS journeys

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Published 9 months ago 21 Oct 2021
Permissions In the Open Banking API design, data elements are logically grouped together into “permissions”….

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Permissions

In the Open Banking API design, data elements are logically grouped together into “permissions”. It is at this level that AISPs request data access. If they request access to a specific permission they will have access to all the data elements in the permission. This provides a pragmatic approach, allowing AISPs to be selective but at the same time creating a consent process that is at an acceptable level of granularity for the PSU. Details of the data elements within each permission are included in the API technical specifications.

Data Clusters

OBIE customer research found that grouping permissions together and adding another layer of description aided the PSU’s understanding of the data they were being asked to consent to share. This approach also allows a consistency of language across AISPs and ASPSPs to provide additional comfort to PSUs that they are sharing the data they intended to. If consistent language is used across all Participants this will drive PSU familiarity and adoption. These groups of permissions are known as Data Clusters. Data Clusters are not reflected in the API specifications, they are purely a presentational layer on top of permissions to aid PSU understanding.

Data Cluster Structure & Language

The following table describes how permissions should be grouped into Data Clusters and the language that must be used to describe the data at each of these levels (Checklist item 13a and 13b). Both AISPs and ASPSPs must describe the data being shared at a Data Cluster level and allow the PSU to “drill-down” to see the detail at Permission level using the permission language set-out in the table below.

Where both Basic and Detail permissions are available from the same API end point, the Detail permission contains all data elements of the Basic permission plus the additional elements described in the table.

 

Data Cluster LanguageAPI End PointsPermissionsPermissions LanguageInformation available
Your Account DetailsAccountsAccounts BasicAny other name by which you refer to this accountCurrency of the account, Nickname of account (e.g. ‘Jakes Household account’).
Accounts DetailYour account name, number and sort-codeAccount Name, Sort Code, Account Number, IBAN, Roll Number (used for Building Society) (plus all data provided in Accounts Basic).
BalancesBalancesYour account balanceAmount, Currency, Credit/Debit, Type of Balance, Date/Time, Credit Line.
All where PAN is availablePANYour long card numberPAN masked or unmasked depending on how ASPSP displays online currently.
Your Regular PaymentsBeneficiariesBeneficiaries BasicPayee agreements you have set upList of Beneficiaries.
Beneficiaries DetailDetails of Payee agreements you have set upDetails of Beneficiaries account information (Name, Sort Code, Account) (plus all data provided in Beneficiaries Basic).
Standing OrdersStanding Order BasicYour Standing OrdersSO Info, Frequency, Creditor Reference Info, First/Next/Final Payment info.
Standing Order DetailDetails of your Standing OrdersDetails of Creditor Account Information (Name, Sort Code, Account) (plus all data provided in Standing Order Basic).
Direct DebitsDirect DebitsYour Direct DebitsMandate info, Status, Name, Previous payment information.
Scheduled PaymentsScheduled Payments BasicRecurring and future dated payments from your card accountScheduled dates, amount, reference. Does not include information about the beneficiary.
Scheduled Payments DetailDetails of recurring and future dated payments from your card accountScheduled dates, amount, reference. Includes information about the beneficiary.
Your Account TransactionsTransactionsTransactions Basic CreditsYour incoming transactionsTransaction Information on payments made into the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Does not include information about the entity that made the payment.
Transactions Basic DebitsYour outgoing transactionsSame as above, but for debits.
Transactions Detail CreditsDetails of your incoming transactionsTransaction Information on payments made into the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Includes information about the entity that made the payment.
Transactions Detailed DebitsDetails of your outgoing transactionsSame as above but for debits.
Transactions BasicYour transactionsTransaction Information on payments for both credits in and debits out of the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Does not include information about the payer/payee.
Transactions DetailDetails of your transactionsTransaction Information on payments made both credits in and debits out of the customer’s account (Reference, Amount, Status, Booking Data Info, Value Date info, Transaction Code). Includes information about the payer/payee.
Your StatementsStatementsStatements BasicInformation contained in your statementAll statement information excluding specific amounts related to various balance types, payments due etc.
Statements DetailDetails of information contained in your statementAll statement information including specific amounts related to various balance types, payments due etc.
Your Card Features and BenefitsOffersOffersOffers available on your card accountBalance transfer, promotional rates, limit increases, start & end dates.
Contact and party detailsPartyPartyPSUThe name of the account and your full legal name.
Optionally this can also include your address, telephone numbers and
The name of the account. Full Legal Name, Address, telephone numbers and email address of the PSU as held by the bank/card issuer and party type (sole/joint etc.).
Account specific:
Parties
Party
PartyThe name of the account and the full legal name(s) of all parties.
Optionally this can also include their address or addresses, telephone
The name of the account. Full Legal Name(s), Account Role(s), Beneficial Ownership, Legal Structure, Address or addresses, telephone numbers and email address as held by the bank/card issuer and party type (sole/joint etc.).

 

Note

With respect to the clusters and permissions language, ASPSPs should consider whether the language that is displayed to the PSU is appropriate when the information being accessed relates to more than one party. For example, “Your data” may need to be adapted to just “data” to indicate to the PSU that the account information being displayed may not be solely specific to them.  As is the case of joint accounts when the account information of both parties is requested.

* Include or delete as appropriate

Optional Data

If an AISP requests additional information (e.g. Party) and the ASPSP chooses to provide this information to the AISP, both parties must ensure that they consider GDPR in the processing of this request i.e. both parties must ensure that they have a legal basis for processing.

Relevance of data cluster against product type

The AISP must ensure they have business rules that manage the relationship between data cluster to product type and omit access to data clusters that are irrelevant to a product type, as well as their service offering. If an AISP requests a cluster of data that is irrelevant to the product type associated to the payment account e.g. Direct Debit cluster requested for a Savings Account product type, the ASPSP may provide that cluster as empty.

What the research says

“If an AISP is asking for data access to Bank and cards they should adjust the language they use to describe the ASPSP (e.g. “card provider” rather than “bank”) and certain data clusters and permissions.”  

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